The Cathedral at Rheims (north east of Paris, in the province of Champagne) was built between 1210 and 1241 AD. The kings of France were once crowned there and you'll hear something of it in the story of St. Joan of Arc.
The Web Gallery of Art has some information on the Cathedral as well as some great photos of statuary.
Rheims Cathedral was seriously damaged by the Germans in 1914. Here is a 1937 TIME magazine article about its restoration.
Also see "The Bombardment of Rheims"